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16 June 2017
13,000-year-old arrowhead discovered in Massachusetts

Archaeologists from Northampton discovered what they believe to be the oldest artefact ever found within Massachusetts (USA). Investigations have focused on how this artefact could provide information for a broader study of prehistoric life in the valley.
     Richard Gamly, an archaeologist from North Andover and leader of the team of research, said that "This is just the very beginning of what will probably prove to be a very important archaeological site." The research began in 2015 following the discovery of a supposed Clovis point arrowhead that could be more than 12,800 years old, referring to a specific Native American culture known for its stonework.
     The arrowhead was found by Jason Lovett of Vermont, special educator and amateur archaeologist, during metal detecting. Lovett immediately knew what he had found and met with Gramly who returned the find to the farm's owner, who then allowed further search of his fields.
     Gramly has noted that "While no more arrowheads have been found, the team has discovered items suggesting that native peoples hunted here in prehistoric times." The most recent trip to field revealed not only quartz flakes but also Hudsen River Valley flint, known to be the material used for Clovis tools.
     The historic utility is revealed by the shape of the rock, according to Barbara L. Calogero, being shaped to optimize the piercing effects of the arrowhead. "The fluting that was found is very diagnostic of folks who were here 12,000 years ago," According to Calogero. The amount of flakes discovered point to the area being used as a springtime hunting ground, the riverbanks providing natural sustenance for humans for thousands of years.
     Due to the constant agricultural activity in the area, finds are constantly being pulled to the surface.

Edited from Daily Hampshire Gazette (25 May 2017)

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