15 October 2004
Germany's Bronze Age Blockbuster
The 3,600 year old Sky Disc of Nebra - considered one of the world's oldest image of the cosmos - is the centerpiece of the biggest Bronze Age show of Europe, in the eastern German town of Halle. The disc caused a world-wide sensation when it was brought to the attention of the German public in 2002, having been discovered in the state of Saxony-Anhalt two years earlier.
Now the Sky Disc of Nebra - a bronze disc with gold-leaf appliques representing the sun, moon, stars and a ship - is back in the limelight, at the opening of a blockbuster show entitled 'The Forged Sky: The Wide World in the Heart of Europe 3,600 Years Ago.' For the first time the disc, which is around 32 centimeters (12 inches) in diameter and weighs about 2 kilos (1 pound), will be on public view in its fully restored state.
The Forged Sky exhibit, at the State Museum of Prehistory in the town of Halle, will also feature 1,600 more of the most important archeological finds representing Europe in the Bronze Age. "Peoples' interest in the Sky Disc of Nebra since it was unearthed two years ago has not let up," said Saxony-Anhalt state archeologist Harald Meller. He explained: "We put the show together in record time, 18 months." Meller said he expects 100,000 people to visit the exhibit, which runs to April 24. If there is enough interest, he said, the show will be extended.
The objects on view have been donated by 68 museums in 18 countries. "Most of the objects, like burial offerings, cult objects, gold jewelry and various decorated armaments, have never before been out on loan," said Meller. For example, the organizers got special permission to borrow the 3,400 year old Sun Chariot of Trundholm from its home at the National Museum in Copenhagen. The National Museum had previously decided that, for security reasons, the 50 centimeter long, 30 centimeter high Sun Chariot should never again leave Denmark. Similarly, the 88 super thin golden ships from Nors, Denmark, are so brittle that they hardly ever leave the National Museum, according to museum director Flemming Kaul. But having a group of artifacts from around Europe is important, because "We show that there is a long process of developing knowledge about religion and astronomy in Europe, which is part of the history of mankind," Meller said.
The Sky Disc of Nebra itself was a cult object, and describes the world view during the Bronze Age. People imagined the earth as a disc, with a dome-shaped sky covering it. A cluster of seven dots has been interpreted as the Pleiades constellation as it appeared 3,600 years ago. At the same time, the piece is thought to be related to primitive observatories, one of which is the "German Stonehenge" in the nearby town of Goseck. Archeologists believe the disc may have been used in the pre-calendar Bronze Age as an instrument for determining seasonal changes.
The popularity of the disc has led to a boom in reproductions. However, its popularity can't stanch the flood of lawsuits that followed its discovery. Although the copyright case was decided in favor of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, there is still a suit before the Halle appeals courts against two suspected fencers from North Rhine Westphalia who claim the Sky Disc is a fake that was found outside of Germany. The disc was found on July 4, 1999 from two convicted grave robbers. In February, 2002 it was bought along with other Bronze objects from art fencers in a police operation in Switzerland.
Source: Deutsche Welle (14 October 2004)