|23 October 2004
Bulgaria dig suggests rich past
Archaeologists in Bulgaria say they have found hundreds of tiny gold jewels dating back 5,000 years, possible proof of Europe's earliest civilisation. The head of Bulgaria's National Museum of History, Bozhidar Dimitrov, said the team had unearthed gold rings, beads and jewellery inlaid with tiny pearls at an Early Bronze Age village. He said the jewels had shown expert craftsmanship and an unexpectedly high level of technology for the time.
Archeologists believe they have found an ancient jewelry workshop, where exclusively fine pieces of highest quality were produced. Mr Dimitrov refused to give the exact location until the excavation was complete. The only clue he gave was that the site was in one of the valleys south of the Stara Planina mountain in central Bulgaria. "For now, we have 400 gold pieces, and every day another 10 or 15 pop up," he said.
The gold pieces, found in an area of about 50 sq m, are dated to the end of 4000 - the beginning of 3000 BCE, which means that they are about 3,000 years older than the Thracian gold treasures recently unearthed by the team of Dr Georgi Kitov near Kazanlak. "The large amount of gold objects and the expert craftsmanship show the unexpectedly high level of technology applied by Bronze Age civilisation in our lands," he said. "All this makes us believe that Bulgaria's lands were the heart of Europe's earliest civilisation."
The remains of an ancient Thracian temple dating back to the 5th Century BCE were discovered in central Bulgaria in 2000. The Thracian civilisation extended from the Caucasus to south-western Europe from around 4,000 BCE to the year 300 CE.
Sources: Novinite (21 October 2004), BBC News (22 October 2004)
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